Dandruff is definitely more of an annoying condition that is frustrating to deal with, compared to other physical diseases or disorders. If you have it, you know it thanks to the pesky flakes that show up on your shoulders and pillowcases, but the causes of the scalp ailment are murky.According to a study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings, about 50 per cent of all adults are affected by dandruff. Figuring out what makes your scalp flaky can be a bit of a nightmare simply because this condition can be caused by a variety of issues. Dermatologists cannot pinpoint the exact reason why dandruff occurs but it is thought to be caused by a mixture of genetics, allergies and imbalance of the scalps pH levels.Causes of dandruff Dry skin Not shampooing enough Allergies Seborrheic dermatitis Yeast overgrowth Too much exposure to sunlight Excessive pressure on the scalp from tight hats or caps Diet Exposure to dust or dirt Overbrushing your hairTreatment of dandruff through mehendiOne of the oldest natural hair colour treatments in the world includes using henna or mehendi on your mane. But did you know, it is also an excellent ingredient that if used correctly, can fight dandruff? It has pH and oil balancing properties that help regulate the functioning of the sebaceous glands.How to use it:1. Brew some tea and mix henna powder in it.2. Let it sit in an iron skillet overnight.3. The next day, heat the mixture and add an egg or a few teaspoons of yoghurt to it.4. Let it cool and apply to your scalp and lengths.5. Rinse well and shampoo as usual.Treatment of dandruff through coconut oilA 2021 study showed that coconut oil goes a long way in maintaining a healthy scalp. It balances the colony of bacteria and fungi that keep the environment that your mane grows in super healthy. The study also found that after applying coconut oil, there was an increase in good fungus (M.globosa).How to use it:1. Scoop out 1 to 2 tablespoons of coconut oil and put it in a bowl.2. Using a double boiler, warm it up and apply directly on the scalp.3. Let it sit for at least 30 to 60 minutes.4. Wash carefully with a gentle shampoo to prevent greasy, oily hair.5. Once your hair has dried, comb it out from the roots to make sure all the flakes have been eliminated.Treatment of dandruff through apple cider vinegarApple cider vinegar made major waves in the beauty industry and for good reason. This ingredient is known for its natural antibacterial and antifungal powers that do a pretty good job of fighting dandruff-causing yeast on the scalp. However, dont go about emptying a bottle of it on your roots as it is very acidic in nature and can disrupt the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands (read: oil production) in the scalp.How to use it:1. Add one part apple cider vinegar to two parts of warm water and use it.2. Pour it on your scalp and massage it in for at least two to three minutes.3. Rinse it out with clean water as the last step of your haircare routine.Treatment of dandruff through curdA 2016 study from China found that applying a lotion made of curd to your scalp may help reduce dandruff flakes. Yoghurt is rich in lactic acid that gently removes dead skin, product build-up, and excess sebum from the scalp.How to use it:1. Mix a little water with yoghurt so you have a somewhat runny paste.2. Apply this on your scalp and massage it well into your roots.3. Wash off with water after 30 minutes.Treatment of dandruff through neemLike apple cider vinegar, neem too has antibacterial and antifungal properties that help fight dandruff. It is a very versatile ingredient that can be used in several ways.How to use it:As a rinse1. Boil 30 neem leaves in a litre of water and then allow it to cool.2. Apply on your scalp and rinse off after five minutes.As an oil1. Heat half a cup of coconut oil and add a handful of neem leaves to it. Once the leaves brown, take it off the stove and allow it to cool.2. Apply this to your scalp and leave it overnight.3. Wash off the next day.Treatment of dandruff through aloe veraThe use of aloe vera for haircare dates back to 70 AD and for good reason. It is a wonderful ingredient to keep handy especially if youre dealing with an itchy scalp and inflammation. Aloe can help add moisture to dry skin because it contains zinc, an element that enhances collagen production.How to use it:1. Combine two to three tablespoons of aloe vera with a teaspoon of honey.2. Mix well and apply to the scalp.3. Wash off after 30 minutes.Treatment of dandruff through other meansIf youre sceptical about trying out natural remedies to fight dandruff, you can also opt for flake-fighting shampoos. Look out for ingredients like zinc pyrithione, selinium sulphide, salicylic acid, and sulphur in haircare formulas.Sebamed Anti Dandruff Shampoo, Rs 600Head Shoulders Cool Menthol 2-in-1 Anti-Dandruff Shampoo, Rs 375LOreal Professionnel Instant Clear Shampoo, Rs 675ConclusionWhen it comes to haircare, it is always advised to seek the opinion of a professional before trying out any and every DIY you read about. Consult your dermatologist and even if you do decide to try out a homemade solution, do a patch test to find out if the remedy works for you. Dandruff is a very common hair woe and to treat it, it is better to get to the root of the problem.FAQsWhat is the difference between dandruff and dry skin?Dandruff is caused by an increase in fungus on the surface of the scalp, whereas a dry scalp is simply a hydration and moisturisation issue.Can I treat dandruff at home?You can, but it is always advised to run your plan of action by a medical professional to avoid the condition from worsening.How often should I try these remedies?It is advised to try them once or twice a week. Excessive treatments and hair washing can also cause dandruff to worsen.