According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra have reported the highest number of missing women and girls in India for the years 2019, 2020, and 2021. In 2021 alone, over 375,058 women aged above 18 and 90,113 girls below 18 were reported missing across the country, as stated by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).The MHA in their statement has emphasised that maintaining law and order, including investigation and prosecution of crimes against women, is the responsibility of the respective state governments. State governments have been directed to conduct training and skill-building programs for investigation, prosecution, and medical officers to enhance their capacity and capabilities.To combat cyber-crimes and track sexual offenders, the MHA in 2022 launched a cyber-crime reporting portal and the 'National Database on Sexual Offenders.' They also introduced an online analytic tool for police to monitor time-bound investigations in sexual assault cases. The ministry plans to strengthen DNA analysis units in Central and State Forensic Science Laboratories to improve investigation processes. Guidelines have been issued for the collection of forensic evidence in sexual assault cases, and sexual assault evidence collection kits have been distributed to states and union territories.In response to safety concerns, the Maharashtra government has set up prevention cells for atrocities against women, Mahila Police Kaksha (Women Help Desk at the police station level), Mahila Suraksha Samittee, and Anti Human Trafficking Units. Additionally, Safe City Projects using technology for smart policing and safety management have been sanctioned in eight cities.The Ministry of Women Child Development has set up 733 one-stop centres across the country, providing integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence and distress.Despite these efforts, the alarming numbers highlight the urgent need for collective action and continuous improvement in addressing crimes against women and ensuring their safety and security. The MHA has issued advisories to help states and union territories deal with such crimes, and measures are ongoing to strengthen the response to such incidents. It remains crucial for all stakeholders to work together, implementing effective strategies and initiatives to create a safer environment for women and girls in India, the statement read.